Common Name(s): Afrormosia, Afromosia, African Teak
Scientific Name: Pericopsis elata
Distribution: West Africa
Tree Size: 100-150 ft (30-46 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 45 lbs/ft3 (725 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .57, .72
Janka Hardness: 1,570 lbf (6,980 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 14,920 lbf/in2 (102.9 MPa)Elastic Modulus: 1,715,000 lbf/in2 (11.83 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 9,570 lbf/in2 (66.0 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 3.2%, Tangential: 6.2%, Volumetric: 9.9%, T/R Ratio: 1.9
Color/Appearance: Heartwood is typically a yellowish brown, occasion will have an either reddish or olive hue. Color tends to darken with age. Narrow sapwood is pale yellow and is clearly differentiated from the heartwood.
Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight, though it can also be interlocked. With a fine uniform texture and good natural luster.
Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; small to m
edium pores in no specific arrangement; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; heartwood deposits occasionally present; growth rings may be distinct due to seemingly marginal parenchyma; rays not visible without lens; paratracheal parenchyma vasicentric, aliform (winged or lozenge), and frequently confluent.
Rot Resistance: Rated as very durable regarding decay resistance, and is also resistant to termites and other insects.
Workability: In nearly all regards, Afrormosia is easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though surfacing boards with interlocking grain may cause tearout. Other downsides include a slight blunting effect on cutting edges, and the development of dark stains if left in
contact with iron in damp conditions. Afrormosia turns, glues, stains, and finishes well.
Odor: Afrormosia has a distinct odor while being worked.
Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Afrormosia has been reported as a . Usually most common reactions include eye, skin, and respiratory irritation. Afrormosia has also been known to cause nervous system effects, asthma-like symptoms, as well as splinters having an increased chance of getting infected. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
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